Colorectal cancer screenings options

By: Sanford Health News .

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National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month is an annual awareness time that is highlighted by both national and local proponents of colon health.

Sanford USD Medical Center recently ranked in the top 1 percent of hospitals nationally for its work in gastroenterology and GI surgery, according to U.S. News & World Report. The ranking, part of the U.S. News Best Hospitals analysis, looked at patient safety, staffing and technology when determining excellence.

Here are some facts about the cancer, screening options and reasons to get screened.

Facts

  • Sanford Health has committed to a national pledge to improve colorectal screenings to at least 80 percent of eligible patients.
  • Colorectal cancer is 90 percent treatable when detected early. Screening can find non-cancerous colon polyps or colon cancer early, when they can be easily removed or cured.
  • Colorectal cancer is the second-leading cancer killer in America (among men and women when combined).
  • Patients age 50 and older should be screened every 10 years, or more often as determined by their physician. About 90 percent of people diagnosed with colon cancer are older than 50.
  • People with a personal history of polyps, colorectal cancer or inflammatory bowel disease, or a family history of colon cancer or polyps are at higher risk for colon cancer and may need to start getting tested before age 50.
  • About 75 percent of these cancers occur in people who have no known risk factors.
  • Increased risk factors include:
    • Family history of colorectal cancer. A family history of other cancers (breast, ovarian, or uterine) may also raise one’s risk for colon cancer.
    • Lifestyle related traits including: physical Inactivity, obesity, smoking, heavy alcohol use.
  • Early colon cancer often has no symptoms. But, later on, colon cancer symptoms may include rectal bleeding, stomach cramps, weight loss, a change in bowel habits or just feeling tired.

Colorectal cancer screening options

FIT Cologuard FIT-DNA Colonoscopy
What is it? Fecal Immunochemical Test: Stool is checked for blood (not seen by the naked eye) by taking a sample and mailing it in. Stool is checked for cancer markers and blood (not seen by the naked eye) by taking a sample and mailing it in. A lighted scope with a camera is used to look at the colon and rectum. This finds tissues and cells that are not normal.
Can it prevent cancer? No. No. Yes, by removing polyps during the procedure that could potentially develop into cancer.
Where is it done? At home. You collect a sample at home and return test kit to lab or mail it back. At home. You collect a sample at home and mail it back. At the hospital in a procedure room. Medicines will be given to you to provide comfort.
How often? Every year if normal.

*If test is not normal, you will need a colonoscopy

Every 3 years if normal.

*If test is not normal, you will need a colonoscopy

Every 10 years if normal.

*May include a biopsy or polyp removal if needed

How do I get ready? No preparation or diet restrictions required. No preparation or diet restrictions required. Requires fasting and a cleansing of the colon with a laxative.
What is the cost? Low cost – check with your insurance (often covered). Variable cost – check with your insurance (sometimes covered). Higher cost – check with your insurance (often covered if qualified).

 

Why should you get screened?

  • Colorectal cancer often can be prevented.
  • Colonoscopy screening can find small growths (polyps).
  • Most colorectal cancers come from precancerous polyps.
  • Before they turn into cancer, these polyps can be removed during a colonoscopy.
  • If everyone 50 and older had regular screenings, at least 60 percent of deaths from this cancer could be avoided.

Posted In Cancer, Health, Healthy Living