A Sanford Health scientist has received a 2019 Bush Fellowship. Michaela Seiber, a senior research specialist in the health care organization’s research ethics and dissemination core, is one of 24 people chosen out of nearly 700 applicants from South Dakota, North Dakota, Minnesota and 23 Native American nations in those states.
The Bush Foundation supports leadership development for people with a plan to address a problem in their community. The fellowship provides them with up to $100,000 over one to two years to pursue learning experiences that help them develop leadership skills and attributes. Seiber plans to advance health equity for LGBTQ people in South Dakota.
She grew up in Sisseton, South Dakota, and is a member of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate tribe. In addition to working full time at Sanford Health, Seiber is pursuing her doctorate in health sciences from the University of South Dakota, where she earlier received a Master of Public Health degree. She got her bachelor’s degree in interdisciplinary studies from South Dakota State University.
In this Q&A, Seiber discusses the Bush Fellowship award, her research and her dedication to cats needing a home:
What type of research do you do at Sanford Health?
Right now I work in tribal research (funded through two National Institutes of Health grants). We build tribal infrastructure in our communities. A lot of the stuff I do is help with research processes and setting up an Institutional Review Board (IRB) with our tribal partners. A lot of them don’t have that process, so researchers aren’t following protocols. That allows tribes to use their sovereignty to say yes or no, we do or don’t want this research happening in our community.
Why are those protocols important?
There’ve been some really bad things that have happened. (In the Southwest) Havasupai researchers did a project on diabetes but instead used DNA samples to draw some scary conclusions about the tribal community, saying they’re schizophrenic. … The drunken Indian stereotype also came from bad research looking at alcohol use in Barrow, Alaska. They (researchers) went at the wrong time of the year, and a lot of the tribal members were out fishing, and they drew these bizarre conclusions and published it without the knowledge of the tribe, and it became a national thing.
Without research review boards in place, that can continue to happen. It’s taking advantage of tribes. They get grants because they’ve done the work, but it just benefits themselves.
What do you hope comes from your research?
I hope that more tribes are able to see the importance of having research review boards and work to get themselves to that level where they can review their own research and have a larger part in them saying yes or no in their communities. And we are seeing that.
How does your work with the tribes help the organization?
When I’m out and they hear I’m from Sanford, they say thank you, we’re so thankful Sanford is taking an interest in our communities because not everyone does. It helps us show that we’re not just this big dynasty taking over the world, but we care about them, and they can trust Sanford and trust the researchers that come from Sanford. That’s important when we think about improving health disparities and with all the flooding now, too, it’s important for Sanford to be seen as a trusted ally for our relatives.
Regarding your other area of research for the Bush Fellowship, what disparities are you looking at?
A lot of LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer) people don’t have insurance or don’t know how to get health care if they’re sick. They’re worried about being discriminated against, so they don’t go to the doctor. LGBTQ people are more likely to smoke and abuse drugs and alcohol. And mental health cases and STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) are also elevated in that community as well. For me, it comes down to educating our health care providers and policy makers to know that sexual orientation and gender identity is an important social determinant of health.
Finally, tell us about your work with cats.
I foster cats with All Cats Rescue. I think I’ve had, over four years, 30 cats pass through care and have delivered some kittens from a mom. I always have a foster cat. And all my friends have adopted foster cats through me. I bought a house a few years ago and had the space. I ran into All Cats Rescue and signed up to volunteer and fostered, and the next thing I knew I had six kittens in my house.
Seiber’s award was one of numerous developments in March involving research, one of the key areas of innovation at Sanford Health. Some other research highlights:
Susan Kroger has been recognized as the 2019 Dr. April Brooks Woman of Distinction in the graduate student category at South Dakota State University. The awards recognize the outstanding accomplishments of women and those who promote opportunities for historically marginalized groups at SDSU, including through community activism and service.
Arielle Selya presented research updates from her laboratory at the annual conference of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. She presented how recent trends in electronic cigarette use impact conventional smoking among adolescents and how advanced statistical methodologies can advance research on electronic cigarette use.
Ross Crosby co-authored an article in Obesity on the “Mind Your Health Trial” that shows behavioral counseling following weight-loss treatment can greatly influence healthy eating behaviors. Specifically, it found that incorporation of acceptance-based strategies in behavioral treatment for weight loss improves the odds of sustained weight loss with a higher reported quality of life.
Ross Crosby also co-authored an editorial in The International Journal of Eating Disorders to spark in-depth discussion and reflection on topics, questions and critical advances in the field of eating disorders. They were highlighted during the 2019 International Conference on Eating Disorders.
Although bariatric surgery is an effective intervention for severe obesity, some patients have suboptimal weight outcomes due to post-operative loss of control and binge eating. Kathryn Smith and Ross Crosby identified several predictors of post-operative loss of control eating that highlight the importance of continued assessment of maladaptive eating following surgery and published the data in Obesity Surgery.
Ross Crosby recently served as the Scientific Program co-chair for the 2019 International Conference on Eating Disorders held in New York. The conference was attended by more than 1,400 clinicians, researchers, caregivers and policy makers to share knowledge, research and best treatment practices for eating disorders. Crosby was also elected to serve on the Executive Board of the Academy of Eating Disorders as the director of annual meetings.
Negative and positive emotions greatly influence binge eating and purging behaviors. By analyzing emotional constructs in patients with bulimia nervosa, Ross Crosby, Stephen Wonderlich and Scott Engel sought to understand the complex relationship between mood and disordered eating and published their data in Psychiatry Research.
Pediatrics and rare diseases
Jill Weimer and several members of her lab recently attended and presented on Batten disease and other topics at the Gordon Research Conference on Lysosomal Diseases in Galveston, Texas. Tyler Johnson and Jacob Cain, postdoctoral fellows in the lab, were both selected to attend the Gordon Research Seminar, a forum for graduate students and postdocs to present and exchange new data and cutting edge ideas. Cain was selected to give an oral presentation on his multi-model biomarker discovery research.
Jill Weimer also participated in her standing National Institutes of Health study section, Neurodevelopment, Synaptic Plasticity and Neurodegeneration. She traveled to Washington to review training grants for graduate students, medical degree and doctoral degree students and postdoctoral fellows working in the field of neuroscience.
Indra Chandrasekar was the keynote speaker at the Northern State University (NSU) Research, Scholarship and Creativity Forum in Aberdeen, South Dakota, which showcases undergraduate research activities. South Dakota Public Radio interviewed Chandrasekar about her research program and strategies that promote undergraduate research training.
Bruce Piatt and Lisa MacFadden co-authored a manuscript published in The Journal of Arthroplasty on the effect of prior anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction on total knee reconstruction or replacement. They found it may increase surgical time but did not influence blood loss or complications.
Laurie Landeen and Paul Thompson co-authored a manuscript in South Dakota Medicine on their findings that collaboration between a certified nurse midwife and a dedicated obstetrician called a laborist positively influences patient care outcomes and staff satisfaction.
Neurologist Michael Manchak discussed onset of stroke and stroke-like symptoms in middle-aged populations on KFGO-AM in Fargo, North Dakota.
Clinical Investigator and pediatric gastroenterologist Tonya Adamiak recently published a paper in South Dakota Medicine discussing signs, symptoms and interventions for button battery ingestion