Doctors and medical researchers are still learning about the effects of this new virus on pregnancy.
Interim guidelines from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released March 16 address coronavirus and pregnancy, breastfeeding and potential risks to mom or baby. Currently, scientists don’t know if the COVID-19 infection rate is different in pregnant and non-pregnant women. Pregnant women should take precautions not to get sick.
“What we do know is viruses similar to COVID-19 do hit pregnant women harder, and pregnant women do have a higher risk of more issues and complications from other viruses that are similar,” Dr. Kelley told Sanford Health News.
Impact on health care workers
Sanford maternal-fetal medicine specialist Peter Van Eerden, M.D., concentrates on high-risk pregnancies and prenatal ultrasounds in Fargo, North Dakota.
He says pregnant women in health care can still work. Based on current evidence, a group of clinical experts made new recommendations April 3 for pregnant caregivers at Sanford Health. These include preventing pregnant health care workers from providing direct patient care for patients under investigation for COVID-19 or confirmed to have COVID-19.
Additionally, pregnant health care workers should work remotely and stay at home for two weeks prior to their anticipated delivery date — no later than 37 weeks of pregnancy.
“Women who are working in a hospital setting and pregnant might not want to take care of a patient who is positive for COVID-19 or has an actual infection,” Dr. Van Eerden said.
Impact on babies and breast milk
According to the CDC and its limited findings, there have been a small number of reported problems such as preterm delivery when mothers have tested positive for COVID-19 during their pregnancy. However, it isn’t clear if the outcomes were related to maternal infection.
COVID-19 is spread from person-to-person through respiratory droplets. So if you are sick and breastfeeding, Sanford Health recommends you pump breast milk and let a healthy caregiver bottle-feed, or wear a surgical mask while you breastfeed.
Limited studies show the virus has not been detected in breast milk but that’s not to say if it can’t be transmitted that way. The CDC will update these considerations as more information becomes available.
What pregnant women can do
Sanford Health released additional recommendations for labor and delivery as of April 3.
If you have suspected or confirmed COVID-19 at the time of delivery, you and your provider will discuss the best option for keeping you and your baby safe. Your baby may be cared for in your room or in another room based on both mother’s and newborn’s health needs.
Regardless, both doctors suggest women use an abundance of caution whether pregnant or caring for a newborn at home like covering your coughs and sneezes, practicing increased hand-washing and avoiding others who may be experiencing cold or flu-like symptoms. As with any concerns, women are encouraged to contact their OB/GYN or other health care provider.
“We’re trying to disseminate as much information as we can to all people taking care of women who are pregnant right now or have young children,” Dr. Kelley said.
She encourages women to stay home if they’re not feeling well. They should consider calling if they experience more concerning symptoms, such as shortness of breath or an uncontrollable fever.
- CDC guidance for pregnancy and breastfeeding with COVID-19
- Baby benefits when pregnant mom gets the flu shot
- Sanford Health News: The latest on COVID-19